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鏈€杩戜竴鍛ㄨ冻鐞冩柊闂
Դ    ڣ20200121 23:08    СʿͼƬĶһҳ
ԭ⣺鏈€杩戜竴鍛ㄨ冻鐞冩柊闂ѵĸһȥ

鏈€杩戜竴鍛ㄨ冻鐞冩柊闂ѶУķƶɲϡơ #ָ#

1010ƶ壬ƶ˿67ˡش롢ɽ֮УȻԼƶһֱƬأ˿ھסɢʩͺϲѶȴ ƶĵ·ϣƶɲÿһߵúܼ

Spotlight Strikes against retirement reform highlight institutional crisis in France #ָ#

PARIS,(Xinhua)--Strikes,protests,,2019inFrance,arebeginningtoweighont,thelongestinFrancesincethe1960s,byastrongunionmovement,broughttogetherthatday806,,therehasbeennorespite,especiallyamongunionsrepresentingthepublictransportsector,(theageatwhicharetireecancollectfullbenefits),theeliminationofspecialretirementregimes,andauniversalpointsystemforretirementmakeupthemajorim"neo-liberalreform".CaroleAlibert,aprimaryschoolteacher,toldXinhuaonthefringesofaprotestthatshehadcome"todefendtheretirementofteacherswhorisktobereallymisdirectedwiththisnewpoint-basedreform.""Ihavetoworkuntil67yearsoldbecauseIstartedinNationalEducationafterachangeofprofessionsandeveninworkinguntil67,Iwillnotmanagetoreceive2,000euros(2,),Illbeat1,100euros,"saidAlibert."tknowifwellmanagetostaystronguntiltheend,,",Jean-MarcCambo,civilservantatthedepartmentalcouncilofSeine-Saint-DenisjustnorthofParis,toldXinhuathat"withthisreform,wedonothavesalaryraisesandnocareerperspectives--thefutureseemsblocked."Aftermorethanamonthofprotestsagainstitsretirementreformproposals,,EdouardPhilippe,reaffirmedthedeterminationofhisgovernment,however,concerningtheimplementationofa"compromise"isnotcalmingtheangeroftheunions,,theCGTunioncontinuedtodemand"thewithdrawal",theworkersunionsaiditwas"moredeterminedthanevertoobtainthewithdrawalofthetext."MULTIPLECONSEQUENCESAfterseveralweeksofsocialunrest,theimpactisstartingtobefeltinsectorsasimportantaspublictransport,(Frenchnationalrailservice)andtheRATP(Parispublictransport)haveestimatedlossesofseveralmillioneurosperdayofstrike."Wewillsoonreachover700millioneurosofrevenueslost,,theimpactofthestrikesisestimatedat"morethan150millioneuros"including"60to90millioneuroslostinticketing."Inthesensitivesectorsofcommerceandhospitality,stakeholdershaveexpressedtheirconcernssincethefirstweekoftheconflictandhzedbusinesses,theConfederationofsmallandmediumbusinesses(CPME)saidthat80percentofthebusinessesareimpactedeitherbylossesinrevenues,delaysindeliveries,spitalityprofessionsandindustries,startingfromthefirstweekofthesocialmovementagainstretirementreform."Ifthestrikescontinue,touristswillturntowardotherdestinations,"hadwarnedJean-MarcBanquet,,(transportdisruption,lossinbusinessearnings,etc)linkedtothestrikes,,60percentofFrenchpeoples,Macronspopularitydropped4points,with25percentfavorableopinions,,publicopinion,thissocialconflictrevealsthefaultlinesinapoliticalsystemwhichcannotresolveimpassesorreconcileafragmentedsociety."ThestrikecanbeconsideredasamicrocosmwhichrevealsthevulnerabilityoftheFrencheconomyandtheinstitutionalcrisisofthecountry,"saidZhaoJunjie,aresearcherattheInstituteofEuropeanStudiesattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences."Untilnow,thedataonFrencheconomicgrowthseemedgood,oratleastbetterthantheGermandata,butthereremainmanyproblemsstill,suchasarelativelyhighunemploymentrate,publicdebt,fragilebudgetbalancingandalackofinnovation,",spendingforretirementpensionsinFrancehasrepresented14percentofitsGrossDomesticProduct(GDP),,,aresearcherattheChinaInstituteofInternationalStudies,toldXinhuathat"theelevatedspendingforsocialsecurityhasprovokedenormousbudgetdeficitsandrepresentsfinancialunsustainability,whichexplainstheabsolutenecessityfortheretirementreforms."Sheconsidersthecoexistenceofmorethan40typesofretirementsystemstobe"toocomplex",which"doesnotfavormobilityoflaborpowerandnegativelyaffectssocialjustice."Inaddition,MudenouncedagrowingdisequilibriuminFrenchsocietyatthebasisofthe"yellowvest"movementandthestrikes."Economicdevelopmenthasnotbenefitedallcitizens,whilethegapbetweendifferentsocialgroupscontinuestodeepen."ForFrenchhistorianMaximeTandonnet,citedbyFrenchdailyLeFigaro,"thisshocktranslatesthegrowingdefianceofthepopulationtowardarulingclassperceivedasbeingallthemorehaughtyandarrogantasitfailsinresolvingproblems(unemployment,poverty,violence,deficits,migrationcrisis,etc.)."AccordingtoZhaoJunjie,theprotestandthestrikereflect"aninstitutionalcrisis"and"aproblemrootedinthecapitalistsystemandinitspoliticalparties."",problemswillonlyaccumulate,"concludedZhao.(1euro=)

Уķƶɲϡơ #ָ#

1010ƶ壬ƶ˿67ˡش롢ɽ֮УȻԼƶһֱƬأ˿ھסɢʩͺϲѶȴ ƶĵ·ϣƶɲÿһߵúܼ

Spotlight Strikes against retirement reform highlight institutional crisis in France #ָ#

PARIS,(Xinhua)--Strikes,protests,,2019inFrance,arebeginningtoweighont,thelongestinFrancesincethe1960s,byastrongunionmovement,broughttogetherthatday806,,therehasbeennorespite,especiallyamongunionsrepresentingthepublictransportsector,(theageatwhicharetireecancollectfullbenefits),theeliminationofspecialretirementregimes,andauniversalpointsystemforretirementmakeupthemajorim"neo-liberalreform".CaroleAlibert,aprimaryschoolteacher,toldXinhuaonthefringesofaprotestthatshehadcome"todefendtheretirementofteacherswhorisktobereallymisdirectedwiththisnewpoint-basedreform.""Ihavetoworkuntil67yearsoldbecauseIstartedinNationalEducationafterachangeofprofessionsandeveninworkinguntil67,Iwillnotmanagetoreceive2,000euros(2,),Illbeat1,100euros,"saidAlibert."tknowifwellmanagetostaystronguntiltheend,,",Jean-MarcCambo,civilservantatthedepartmentalcouncilofSeine-Saint-DenisjustnorthofParis,toldXinhuathat"withthisreform,wedonothavesalaryraisesandnocareerperspectives--thefutureseemsblocked."Aftermorethanamonthofprotestsagainstitsretirementreformproposals,,EdouardPhilippe,reaffirmedthedeterminationofhisgovernment,however,concerningtheimplementationofa"compromise"isnotcalmingtheangeroftheunions,,theCGTunioncontinuedtodemand"thewithdrawal",theworkersunionsaiditwas"moredeterminedthanevertoobtainthewithdrawalofthetext."MULTIPLECONSEQUENCESAfterseveralweeksofsocialunrest,theimpactisstartingtobefeltinsectorsasimportantaspublictransport,(Frenchnationalrailservice)andtheRATP(Parispublictransport)haveestimatedlossesofseveralmillioneurosperdayofstrike."Wewillsoonreachover700millioneurosofrevenueslost,,theimpactofthestrikesisestimatedat"morethan150millioneuros"including"60to90millioneuroslostinticketing."Inthesensitivesectorsofcommerceandhospitality,stakeholdershaveexpressedtheirconcernssincethefirstweekoftheconflictandhzedbusinesses,theConfederationofsmallandmediumbusinesses(CPME)saidthat80percentofthebusinessesareimpactedeitherbylossesinrevenues,delaysindeliveries,spitalityprofessionsandindustries,startingfromthefirstweekofthesocialmovementagainstretirementreform."Ifthestrikescontinue,touristswillturntowardotherdestinations,"hadwarnedJean-MarcBanquet,,(transportdisruption,lossinbusinessearnings,etc)linkedtothestrikes,,60percentofFrenchpeoples,Macronspopularitydropped4points,with25percentfavorableopinions,,publicopinion,thissocialconflictrevealsthefaultlinesinapoliticalsystemwhichcannotresolveimpassesorreconcileafragmentedsociety."ThestrikecanbeconsideredasamicrocosmwhichrevealsthevulnerabilityoftheFrencheconomyandtheinstitutionalcrisisofthecountry,"saidZhaoJunjie,aresearcherattheInstituteofEuropeanStudiesattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences."Untilnow,thedataonFrencheconomicgrowthseemedgood,oratleastbetterthantheGermandata,butthereremainmanyproblemsstill,suchasarelativelyhighunemploymentrate,publicdebt,fragilebudgetbalancingandalackofinnovation,",spendingforretirementpensionsinFrancehasrepresented14percentofitsGrossDomesticProduct(GDP),,,aresearcherattheChinaInstituteofInternationalStudies,toldXinhuathat"theelevatedspendingforsocialsecurityhasprovokedenormousbudgetdeficitsandrepresentsfinancialunsustainability,whichexplainstheabsolutenecessityfortheretirementreforms."Sheconsidersthecoexistenceofmorethan40typesofretirementsystemstobe"toocomplex",which"doesnotfavormobilityoflaborpowerandnegativelyaffectssocialjustice."Inaddition,MudenouncedagrowingdisequilibriuminFrenchsocietyatthebasisofthe"yellowvest"movementandthestrikes."Economicdevelopmenthasnotbenefitedallcitizens,whilethegapbetweendifferentsocialgroupscontinuestodeepen."ForFrenchhistorianMaximeTandonnet,citedbyFrenchdailyLeFigaro,"thisshocktranslatesthegrowingdefianceofthepopulationtowardarulingclassperceivedasbeingallthemorehaughtyandarrogantasitfailsinresolvingproblems(unemployment,poverty,violence,deficits,migrationcrisis,etc.)."AccordingtoZhaoJunjie,theprotestandthestrikereflect"aninstitutionalcrisis"and"aproblemrootedinthecapitalistsystemandinitspoliticalparties."",problemswillonlyaccumulate,"concludedZhao.(1euro=)

ССƶ졿šϢСġɡ֡顿ܡƶˡڡơ㡿ˡݡšϢһǡʵʱ롿ȫƶšϢϵͳСƶˡڡݡšϢǡءСҵš᡿Сҵߡ䡿ʵš顿ǡɡ͡פ塿ӡ顿ϡաšϢ

⡿ЩաƬɡ7򡿡ɡɡϡ֡ࡿ꡿ǩ١ϡ򡿡Ρѵϵͳ͡᡿ԡԡաƬСɸѡˡĿǰ׼ȷʡˡ85%ԡϡ ԡԡ顿ܡÿһλƶݡɡ󡿡⡿Щ΢ۡšϢ㡿Ρɡˡƶԡ󡿡֡ơءͼ ᡿᡿㡿ɡ顿塿ࡿ͡ˡڡ桿ģƶʡѡƶơ顿ȡࡿšϢ ⡿֡ͼɡԡɡΪ졿ɡѡաȫ֡ıء㡿ġá֡Ϊҡǡ顿Ѳ顿ѡ㡿᡿ˡ󡿡㡿 ССƶ졿ˡơ𡿡ˡ˼ͯԡƶ֡ơءͼ㡿ޡѡ ĿǰССƶˡڡɡ2015꡿סġ򡿡ˡ١򡿡ˡƶʡɡ%¡%10ƶءСʵ֡ȫժñ

ЩƬ7ɲɼϴǩپѵϵͳͻԶƬɸѡˣĿǰ׼ȷʴﵽ85%ϡ ԻԽܣÿһλƶݼɺЩ΢ϢγˡƶֲƵͼ ɲ鿴͡˿ڹģƶʡƶƻȸϢ ֲͼԳΪ쵼ɲȫ֡ıص㹤ĺð֣ΪǶѲѡṩ˼ зƶ춽˿Ƹ˼ͯƶֲƵͼ޲ѡ Ŀǰƶ˿2015׵˼ٵˣƶ%½%10ƶʵȫժñ

ǰֽʱһϢ£ȫҪٵǼǵһ±ϣݸϵͳɾС ˵ƶ˿ڡƵֻȱ棬ÿÿ漰ָ363ĿǰϵͳϢѴ8ڶ86%ϢͨҵϵͳԶɡ

 3ˣĶס110ƽףשṹͨˮ2016ʶΪƶƶӻ򲡡ǹ˫ԪһǼ򺣿ϵͳҵİƶļͥԼ̬һĿȻ ϵͳߺȫзƶɲƶ˿ڸϢۺϷŪͥƶԭ򡢰ȣΪȫ2367򽨵ƶ˿ڽ˵˵ġƵ

Spotlight Strikes against retirement reform highlight institutional crisis in France #ָ#

PARIS,(Xinhua)--Strikes,protests,,2019inFrance,arebeginningtoweighont,thelongestinFrancesincethe1960s,byastrongunionmovement,broughttogetherthatday806,,therehasbeennorespite,especiallyamongunionsrepresentingthepublictransportsector,(theageatwhicharetireecancollectfullbenefits),theeliminationofspecialretirementregimes,andauniversalpointsystemforretirementmakeupthemajorim"neo-liberalreform".CaroleAlibert,aprimaryschoolteacher,toldXinhuaonthefringesofaprotestthatshehadcome"todefendtheretirementofteacherswhorisktobereallymisdirectedwiththisnewpoint-basedreform.""Ihavetoworkuntil67yearsoldbecauseIstartedinNationalEducationafterachangeofprofessionsandeveninworkinguntil67,Iwillnotmanagetoreceive2,000euros(2,),Illbeat1,100euros,"saidAlibert."tknowifwellmanagetostaystronguntiltheend,,",Jean-MarcCambo,civilservantatthedepartmentalcouncilofSeine-Saint-DenisjustnorthofParis,toldXinhuathat"withthisreform,wedonothavesalaryraisesandnocareerperspectives--thefutureseemsblocked."Aftermorethanamonthofprotestsagainstitsretirementreformproposals,,EdouardPhilippe,reaffirmedthedeterminationofhisgovernment,however,concerningtheimplementationofa"compromise"isnotcalmingtheangeroftheunions,,theCGTunioncontinuedtodemand"thewithdrawal",theworkersunionsaiditwas"moredeterminedthanevertoobtainthewithdrawalofthetext."MULTIPLECONSEQUENCESAfterseveralweeksofsocialunrest,theimpactisstartingtobefeltinsectorsasimportantaspublictransport,(Frenchnationalrailservice)andtheRATP(Parispublictransport)haveestimatedlossesofseveralmillioneurosperdayofstrike."Wewillsoonreachover700millioneurosofrevenueslost,,theimpactofthestrikesisestimatedat"morethan150millioneuros"including"60to90millioneuroslostinticketing."Inthesensitivesectorsofcommerceandhospitality,stakeholdershaveexpressedtheirconcernssincethefirstweekoftheconflictandhzedbusinesses,theConfederationofsmallandmediumbusinesses(CPME)saidthat80percentofthebusinessesareimpactedeitherbylossesinrevenues,delaysindeliveries,spitalityprofessionsandindustries,startingfromthefirstweekofthesocialmovementagainstretirementreform."Ifthestrikescontinue,touristswillturntowardotherdestinations,"hadwarnedJean-MarcBanquet,,(transportdisruption,lossinbusinessearnings,etc)linkedtothestrikes,,60percentofFrenchpeoples,Macronspopularitydropped4points,with25percentfavorableopinions,,publicopinion,thissocialconflictrevealsthefaultlinesinapoliticalsystemwhichcannotresolveimpassesorreconcileafragmentedsociety."ThestrikecanbeconsideredasamicrocosmwhichrevealsthevulnerabilityoftheFrencheconomyandtheinstitutionalcrisisofthecountry,"saidZhaoJunjie,aresearcherattheInstituteofEuropeanStudiesattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences."Untilnow,thedataonFrencheconomicgrowthseemedgood,oratleastbetterthantheGermandata,butthereremainmanyproblemsstill,suchasarelativelyhighunemploymentrate,publicdebt,fragilebudgetbalancingandalackofinnovation,",spendingforretirementpensionsinFrancehasrepresented14percentofitsGrossDomesticProduct(GDP),,,aresearcherattheChinaInstituteofInternationalStudies,toldXinhuathat"theelevatedspendingforsocialsecurityhasprovokedenormousbudgetdeficitsandrepresentsfinancialunsustainability,whichexplainstheabsolutenecessityfortheretirementreforms."Sheconsidersthecoexistenceofmorethan40typesofretirementsystemstobe"toocomplex",which"doesnotfavormobilityoflaborpowerandnegativelyaffectssocialjustice."Inaddition,MudenouncedagrowingdisequilibriuminFrenchsocietyatthebasisofthe"yellowvest"movementandthestrikes."Economicdevelopmenthasnotbenefitedallcitizens,whilethegapbetweendifferentsocialgroupscontinuestodeepen."ForFrenchhistorianMaximeTandonnet,citedbyFrenchdailyLeFigaro,"thisshocktranslatesthegrowingdefianceofthepopulationtowardarulingclassperceivedasbeingallthemorehaughtyandarrogantasitfailsinresolvingproblems(unemployment,poverty,violence,deficits,migrationcrisis,etc.)."AccordingtoZhaoJunjie,theprotestandthestrikereflect"aninstitutionalcrisis"and"aproblemrootedinthecapitalistsystemandinitspoliticalparties."",problemswillonlyaccumulate,"concludedZhao.(1euro=)

Spotlight Strikes against retirement reform highlight institutional crisis in France #ָ#

PARIS,(Xinhua)--Strikes,protests,,2019inFrance,arebeginningtoweighont,thelongestinFrancesincethe1960s,byastrongunionmovement,broughttogetherthatday806,,therehasbeennorespite,especiallyamongunionsrepresentingthepublictransportsector,(theageatwhicharetireecancollectfullbenefits),theeliminationofspecialretirementregimes,andauniversalpointsystemforretirementmakeupthemajorim"neo-liberalreform".CaroleAlibert,aprimaryschoolteacher,toldXinhuaonthefringesofaprotestthatshehadcome"todefendtheretirementofteacherswhorisktobereallymisdirectedwiththisnewpoint-basedreform.""Ihavetoworkuntil67yearsoldbecauseIstartedinNationalEducationafterachangeofprofessionsandeveninworkinguntil67,Iwillnotmanagetoreceive2,000euros(2,),Illbeat1,100euros,"saidAlibert."tknowifwellmanagetostaystronguntiltheend,,",Jean-MarcCambo,civilservantatthedepartmentalcouncilofSeine-Saint-DenisjustnorthofParis,toldXinhuathat"withthisreform,wedonothavesalaryraisesandnocareerperspectives--thefutureseemsblocked."Aftermorethanamonthofprotestsagainstitsretirementreformproposals,,EdouardPhilippe,reaffirmedthedeterminationofhisgovernment,however,concerningtheimplementationofa"compromise"isnotcalmingtheangeroftheunions,,theCGTunioncontinuedtodemand"thewithdrawal",theworkersunionsaiditwas"moredeterminedthanevertoobtainthewithdrawalofthetext."MULTIPLECONSEQUENCESAfterseveralweeksofsocialunrest,theimpactisstartingtobefeltinsectorsasimportantaspublictransport,(Frenchnationalrailservice)andtheRATP(Parispublictransport)haveestimatedlossesofseveralmillioneurosperdayofstrike."Wewillsoonreachover700millioneurosofrevenueslost,,theimpactofthestrikesisestimatedat"morethan150millioneuros"including"60to90millioneuroslostinticketing."Inthesensitivesectorsofcommerceandhospitality,stakeholdershaveexpressedtheirconcernssincethefirstweekoftheconflictandhzedbusinesses,theConfederationofsmallandmediumbusinesses(CPME)saidthat80percentofthebusinessesareimpactedeitherbylossesinrevenues,delaysindeliveries,spitalityprofessionsandindustries,startingfromthefirstweekofthesocialmovementagainstretirementreform."Ifthestrikescontinue,touristswillturntowardotherdestinations,"hadwarnedJean-MarcBanquet,,(transportdisruption,lossinbusinessearnings,etc)linkedtothestrikes,,60percentofFrenchpeoples,Macronspopularitydropped4points,with25percentfavorableopinions,,publicopinion,thissocialconflictrevealsthefaultlinesinapoliticalsystemwhichcannotresolveimpassesorreconcileafragmentedsociety."ThestrikecanbeconsideredasamicrocosmwhichrevealsthevulnerabilityoftheFrencheconomyandtheinstitutionalcrisisofthecountry,"saidZhaoJunjie,aresearcherattheInstituteofEuropeanStudiesattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences."Untilnow,thedataonFrencheconomicgrowthseemedgood,oratleastbetterthantheGermandata,butthereremainmanyproblemsstill,suchasarelativelyhighunemploymentrate,publicdebt,fragilebudgetbalancingandalackofinnovation,",spendingforretirementpensionsinFrancehasrepresented14percentofitsGrossDomesticProduct(GDP),,,aresearcherattheChinaInstituteofInternationalStudies,toldXinhuathat"theelevatedspendingforsocialsecurityhasprovokedenormousbudgetdeficitsandrepresentsfinancialunsustainability,whichexplainstheabsolutenecessityfortheretirementreforms."Sheconsidersthecoexistenceofmorethan40typesofretirementsystemstobe"toocomplex",which"doesnotfavormobilityoflaborpowerandnegativelyaffectssocialjustice."Inaddition,MudenouncedagrowingdisequilibriuminFrenchsocietyatthebasisofthe"yellowvest"movementandthestrikes."Economicdevelopmenthasnotbenefitedallcitizens,whilethegapbetweendifferentsocialgroupscontinuestodeepen."ForFrenchhistorianMaximeTandonnet,citedbyFrenchdailyLeFigaro,"thisshocktranslatesthegrowingdefianceofthepopulationtowardarulingclassperceivedasbeingallthemorehaughtyandarrogantasitfailsinresolvingproblems(unemployment,poverty,violence,deficits,migrationcrisis,etc.)."AccordingtoZhaoJunjie,theprotestandthestrikereflect"aninstitutionalcrisis"and"aproblemrootedinthecapitalistsystemandinitspoliticalparties."",problemswillonlyaccumulate,"concludedZhao.(1euro=)

Spotlight Strikes against retirement reform highlight institutional crisis in France #ָ#

PARIS,(Xinhua)--Strikes,protests,,2019inFrance,arebeginningtoweighont,thelongestinFrancesincethe1960s,byastrongunionmovement,broughttogetherthatday806,,therehasbeennorespite,especiallyamongunionsrepresentingthepublictransportsector,(theageatwhicharetireecancollectfullbenefits),theeliminationofspecialretirementregimes,andauniversalpointsystemforretirementmakeupthemajorim"neo-liberalreform".CaroleAlibert,aprimaryschoolteacher,toldXinhuaonthefringesofaprotestthatshehadcome"todefendtheretirementofteacherswhorisktobereallymisdirectedwiththisnewpoint-basedreform.""Ihavetoworkuntil67yearsoldbecauseIstartedinNationalEducationafterachangeofprofessionsandeveninworkinguntil67,Iwillnotmanagetoreceive2,000euros(2,),Illbeat1,100euros,"saidAlibert."tknowifwellmanagetostaystronguntiltheend,,",Jean-MarcCambo,civilservantatthedepartmentalcouncilofSeine-Saint-DenisjustnorthofParis,toldXinhuathat"withthisreform,wedonothavesalaryraisesandnocareerperspectives--thefutureseemsblocked."Aftermorethanamonthofprotestsagainstitsretirementreformproposals,,EdouardPhilippe,reaffirmedthedeterminationofhisgovernment,however,concerningtheimplementationofa"compromise"isnotcalmingtheangeroftheunions,,theCGTunioncontinuedtodemand"thewithdrawal",theworkersunionsaiditwas"moredeterminedthanevertoobtainthewithdrawalofthetext."MULTIPLECONSEQUENCESAfterseveralweeksofsocialunrest,theimpactisstartingtobefeltinsectorsasimportantaspublictransport,(Frenchnationalrailservice)andtheRATP(Parispublictransport)haveestimatedlossesofseveralmillioneurosperdayofstrike."Wewillsoonreachover700millioneurosofrevenueslost,,theimpactofthestrikesisestimatedat"morethan150millioneuros"including"60to90millioneuroslostinticketing."Inthesensitivesectorsofcommerceandhospitality,stakeholdershaveexpressedtheirconcernssincethefirstweekoftheconflictandhzedbusinesses,theConfederationofsmallandmediumbusinesses(CPME)saidthat80percentofthebusinessesareimpactedeitherbylossesinrevenues,delaysindeliveries,spitalityprofessionsandindustries,startingfromthefirstweekofthesocialmovementagainstretirementreform."Ifthestrikescontinue,touristswillturntowardotherdestinations,"hadwarnedJean-MarcBanquet,,(transportdisruption,lossinbusinessearnings,etc)linkedtothestrikes,,60percentofFrenchpeoples,Macronspopularitydropped4points,with25percentfavorableopinions,,publicopinion,thissocialconflictrevealsthefaultlinesinapoliticalsystemwhichcannotresolveimpassesorreconcileafragmentedsociety."ThestrikecanbeconsideredasamicrocosmwhichrevealsthevulnerabilityoftheFrencheconomyandtheinstitutionalcrisisofthecountry,"saidZhaoJunjie,aresearcherattheInstituteofEuropeanStudiesattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences."Untilnow,thedataonFrencheconomicgrowthseemedgood,oratleastbetterthantheGermandata,butthereremainmanyproblemsstill,suchasarelativelyhighunemploymentrate,publicdebt,fragilebudgetbalancingandalackofinnovation,",spendingforretirementpensionsinFrancehasrepresented14percentofitsGrossDomesticProduct(GDP),,,aresearcherattheChinaInstituteofInternationalStudies,toldXinhuathat"theelevatedspendingforsocialsecurityhasprovokedenormousbudgetdeficitsandrepresentsfinancialunsustainability,whichexplainstheabsolutenecessityfortheretirementreforms."Sheconsidersthecoexistenceofmorethan40typesofretirementsystemstobe"toocomplex",which"doesnotfavormobilityoflaborpowerandnegativelyaffectssocialjustice."Inaddition,MudenouncedagrowingdisequilibriuminFrenchsocietyatthebasisofthe"yellowvest"movementandthestrikes."Economicdevelopmenthasnotbenefitedallcitizens,whilethegapbetweendifferentsocialgroupscontinuestodeepen."ForFrenchhistorianMaximeTandonnet,citedbyFrenchdailyLeFigaro,"thisshocktranslatesthegrowingdefianceofthepopulationtowardarulingclassperceivedasbeingallthemorehaughtyandarrogantasitfailsinresolvingproblems(unemployment,poverty,violence,deficits,migrationcrisis,etc.)."AccordingtoZhaoJunjie,theprotestandthestrikereflect"aninstitutionalcrisis"and"aproblemrootedinthecapitalistsystemandinitspoliticalparties."",problemswillonlyaccumulate,"concludedZhao.(1euro=)

Spotlight Strikes against retirement reform highlight institutional crisis in France #ָ#

PARIS,(Xinhua)--Strikes,protests,,2019inFrance,arebeginningtoweighont,thelongestinFrancesincethe1960s,byastrongunionmovement,broughttogetherthatday806,,therehasbeennorespite,especiallyamongunionsrepresentingthepublictransportsector,(theageatwhicharetireecancollectfullbenefits),theeliminationofspecialretirementregimes,andauniversalpointsystemforretirementmakeupthemajorim"neo-liberalreform".CaroleAlibert,aprimaryschoolteacher,toldXinhuaonthefringesofaprotestthatshehadcome"todefendtheretirementofteacherswhorisktobereallymisdirectedwiththisnewpoint-basedreform.""Ihavetoworkuntil67yearsoldbecauseIstartedinNationalEducationafterachangeofprofessionsandeveninworkinguntil67,Iwillnotmanagetoreceive2,000euros(2,),Illbeat1,100euros,"saidAlibert."tknowifwellmanagetostaystronguntiltheend,,",Jean-MarcCambo,civilservantatthedepartmentalcouncilofSeine-Saint-DenisjustnorthofParis,toldXinhuathat"withthisreform,wedonothavesalaryraisesandnocareerperspectives--thefutureseemsblocked."Aftermorethanamonthofprotestsagainstitsretirementreformproposals,,EdouardPhilippe,reaffirmedthedeterminationofhisgovernment,however,concerningtheimplementationofa"compromise"isnotcalmingtheangeroftheunions,,theCGTunioncontinuedtodemand"thewithdrawal",theworkersunionsaiditwas"moredeterminedthanevertoobtainthewithdrawalofthetext."MULTIPLECONSEQUENCESAfterseveralweeksofsocialunrest,theimpactisstartingtobefeltinsectorsasimportantaspublictransport,(Frenchnationalrailservice)andtheRATP(Parispublictransport)haveestimatedlossesofseveralmillioneurosperdayofstrike."Wewillsoonreachover700millioneurosofrevenueslost,,theimpactofthestrikesisestimatedat"morethan150millioneuros"including"60to90millioneuroslostinticketing."Inthesensitivesectorsofcommerceandhospitality,stakeholdershaveexpressedtheirconcernssincethefirstweekoftheconflictandhzedbusinesses,theConfederationofsmallandmediumbusinesses(CPME)saidthat80percentofthebusinessesareimpactedeitherbylossesinrevenues,delaysindeliveries,spitalityprofessionsandindustries,startingfromthefirstweekofthesocialmovementagainstretirementreform."Ifthestrikescontinue,touristswillturntowardotherdestinations,"hadwarnedJean-MarcBanquet,,(transportdisruption,lossinbusinessearnings,etc)linkedtothestrikes,,60percentofFrenchpeoples,Macronspopularitydropped4points,with25percentfavorableopinions,,publicopinion,thissocialconflictrevealsthefaultlinesinapoliticalsystemwhichcannotresolveimpassesorreconcileafragmentedsociety."ThestrikecanbeconsideredasamicrocosmwhichrevealsthevulnerabilityoftheFrencheconomyandtheinstitutionalcrisisofthecountry,"saidZhaoJunjie,aresearcherattheInstituteofEuropeanStudiesattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences."Untilnow,thedataonFrencheconomicgrowthseemedgood,oratleastbetterthantheGermandata,butthereremainmanyproblemsstill,suchasarelativelyhighunemploymentrate,publicdebt,fragilebudgetbalancingandalackofinnovation,",spendingforretirementpensionsinFrancehasrepresented14percentofitsGrossDomesticProduct(GDP),,,aresearcherattheChinaInstituteofInternationalStudies,toldXinhuathat"theelevatedspendingforsocialsecurityhasprovokedenormousbudgetdeficitsandrepresentsfinancialunsustainability,whichexplainstheabsolutenecessityfortheretirementreforms."Sheconsidersthecoexistenceofmorethan40typesofretirementsystemstobe"toocomplex",which"doesnotfavormobilityoflaborpowerandnegativelyaffectssocialjustice."Inaddition,MudenouncedagrowingdisequilibriuminFrenchsocietyatthebasisofthe"yellowvest"movementandthestrikes."Economicdevelopmenthasnotbenefitedallcitizens,whilethegapbetweendifferentsocialgroupscontinuestodeepen."ForFrenchhistorianMaximeTandonnet,citedbyFrenchdailyLeFigaro,"thisshocktranslatesthegrowingdefianceofthepopulationtowardarulingclassperceivedasbeingallthemorehaughtyandarrogantasitfailsinresolvingproblems(unemployment,poverty,violence,deficits,migrationcrisis,etc.)."AccordingtoZhaoJunjie,theprotestandthestrikereflect"aninstitutionalcrisis"and"aproblemrootedinthecapitalistsystemandinitspoliticalparties."",problemswillonlyaccumulate,"concludedZhao.(1euro=)

Уķƶɲϡơ #ָ#

1010ƶ壬ƶ˿67ˡش롢ɽ֮УȻԼƶһֱƬأ˿ھסɢʩͺϲѶȴ ƶĵ·ϣƶɲÿһߵúܼ

 (ࣺФΡƼ)

ǰֽʱһϢ£ȫҪٵǼǵһ±ϣݸϵͳɾС ˵ƶ˿ڡƵֻȱ棬ÿÿ漰ָ363ĿǰϵͳϢѴ8ڶ86%ϢͨҵϵͳԶɡ

ÿϰһ£Ǵϵͳ춼ЩɶҪɡ ɲ˵

Spotlight Strikes against retirement reform highlight institutional crisis in France #ָ#

PARIS,(Xinhua)--Strikes,protests,,2019inFrance,arebeginningtoweighont,thelongestinFrancesincethe1960s,byastrongunionmovement,broughttogetherthatday806,,therehasbeennorespite,especiallyamongunionsrepresentingthepublictransportsector,(theageatwhicharetireecancollectfullbenefits),theeliminationofspecialretirementregimes,andauniversalpointsystemforretirementmakeupthemajorim"neo-liberalreform".CaroleAlibert,aprimaryschoolteacher,toldXinhuaonthefringesofaprotestthatshehadcome"todefendtheretirementofteacherswhorisktobereallymisdirectedwiththisnewpoint-basedreform.""Ihavetoworkuntil67yearsoldbecauseIstartedinNationalEducationafterachangeofprofessionsandeveninworkinguntil67,Iwillnotmanagetoreceive2,000euros(2,),Illbeat1,100euros,"saidAlibert."tknowifwellmanagetostaystronguntiltheend,,",Jean-MarcCambo,civilservantatthedepartmentalcouncilofSeine-Saint-DenisjustnorthofParis,toldXinhuathat"withthisreform,wedonothavesalaryraisesandnocareerperspectives--thefutureseemsblocked."Aftermorethanamonthofprotestsagainstitsretirementreformproposals,,EdouardPhilippe,reaffirmedthedeterminationofhisgovernment,however,concerningtheimplementationofa"compromise"isnotcalmingtheangeroftheunions,,theCGTunioncontinuedtodemand"thewithdrawal",theworkersunionsaiditwas"moredeterminedthanevertoobtainthewithdrawalofthetext."MULTIPLECONSEQUENCESAfterseveralweeksofsocialunrest,theimpactisstartingtobefeltinsectorsasimportantaspublictransport,(Frenchnationalrailservice)andtheRATP(Parispublictransport)haveestimatedlossesofseveralmillioneurosperdayofstrike."Wewillsoonreachover700millioneurosofrevenueslost,,theimpactofthestrikesisestimatedat"morethan150millioneuros"including"60to90millioneuroslostinticketing."Inthesensitivesectorsofcommerceandhospitality,stakeholdershaveexpressedtheirconcernssincethefirstweekoftheconflictandhzedbusinesses,theConfederationofsmallandmediumbusinesses(CPME)saidthat80percentofthebusinessesareimpactedeitherbylossesinrevenues,delaysindeliveries,spitalityprofessionsandindustries,startingfromthefirstweekofthesocialmovementagainstretirementreform."Ifthestrikescontinue,touristswillturntowardotherdestinations,"hadwarnedJean-MarcBanquet,,(transportdisruption,lossinbusinessearnings,etc)linkedtothestrikes,,60percentofFrenchpeoples,Macronspopularitydropped4points,with25percentfavorableopinions,,publicopinion,thissocialconflictrevealsthefaultlinesinapoliticalsystemwhichcannotresolveimpassesorreconcileafragmentedsociety."ThestrikecanbeconsideredasamicrocosmwhichrevealsthevulnerabilityoftheFrencheconomyandtheinstitutionalcrisisofthecountry,"saidZhaoJunjie,aresearcherattheInstituteofEuropeanStudiesattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences."Untilnow,thedataonFrencheconomicgrowthseemedgood,oratleastbetterthantheGermandata,butthereremainmanyproblemsstill,suchasarelativelyhighunemploymentrate,publicdebt,fragilebudgetbalancingandalackofinnovation,",spendingforretirementpensionsinFrancehasrepresented14percentofitsGrossDomesticProduct(GDP),,,aresearcherattheChinaInstituteofInternationalStudies,toldXinhuathat"theelevatedspendingforsocialsecurityhasprovokedenormousbudgetdeficitsandrepresentsfinancialunsustainability,whichexplainstheabsolutenecessityfortheretirementreforms."Sheconsidersthecoexistenceofmorethan40typesofretirementsystemstobe"toocomplex",which"doesnotfavormobilityoflaborpowerandnegativelyaffectssocialjustice."Inaddition,MudenouncedagrowingdisequilibriuminFrenchsocietyatthebasisofthe"yellowvest"movementandthestrikes."Economicdevelopmenthasnotbenefitedallcitizens,whilethegapbetweendifferentsocialgroupscontinuestodeepen."ForFrenchhistorianMaximeTandonnet,citedbyFrenchdailyLeFigaro,"thisshocktranslatesthegrowingdefianceofthepopulationtowardarulingclassperceivedasbeingallthemorehaughtyandarrogantasitfailsinresolvingproblems(unemployment,poverty,violence,deficits,migrationcrisis,etc.)."AccordingtoZhaoJunjie,theprotestandthestrikereflect"aninstitutionalcrisis"and"aproblemrootedinthecapitalistsystemandinitspoliticalparties."",problemswillonlyaccumulate,"concludedZhao.(1euro=)

鏈€杩戜竴鍛ㄨ冻鐞冩柊闂

Spotlight Strikes against retirement reform highlight institutional crisis in France #ָ#

PARIS,(Xinhua)--Strikes,protests,,2019inFrance,arebeginningtoweighont,thelongestinFrancesincethe1960s,byastrongunionmovement,broughttogetherthatday806,,therehasbeennorespite,especiallyamongunionsrepresentingthepublictransportsector,(theageatwhicharetireecancollectfullbenefits),theeliminationofspecialretirementregimes,andauniversalpointsystemforretirementmakeupthemajorim"neo-liberalreform".CaroleAlibert,aprimaryschoolteacher,toldXinhuaonthefringesofaprotestthatshehadcome"todefendtheretirementofteacherswhorisktobereallymisdirectedwiththisnewpoint-basedreform.""Ihavetoworkuntil67yearsoldbecauseIstartedinNationalEducationafterachangeofprofessionsandeveninworkinguntil67,Iwillnotmanagetoreceive2,000euros(2,),Illbeat1,100euros,"saidAlibert."tknowifwellmanagetostaystronguntiltheend,,",Jean-MarcCambo,civilservantatthedepartmentalcouncilofSeine-Saint-DenisjustnorthofParis,toldXinhuathat"withthisreform,wedonothavesalaryraisesandnocareerperspectives--thefutureseemsblocked."Aftermorethanamonthofprotestsagainstitsretirementreformproposals,,EdouardPhilippe,reaffirmedthedeterminationofhisgovernment,however,concerningtheimplementationofa"compromise"isnotcalmingtheangeroftheunions,,theCGTunioncontinuedtodemand"thewithdrawal",theworkersunionsaiditwas"moredeterminedthanevertoobtainthewithdrawalofthetext."MULTIPLECONSEQUENCESAfterseveralweeksofsocialunrest,theimpactisstartingtobefeltinsectorsasimportantaspublictransport,(Frenchnationalrailservice)andtheRATP(Parispublictransport)haveestimatedlossesofseveralmillioneurosperdayofstrike."Wewillsoonreachover700millioneurosofrevenueslost,,theimpactofthestrikesisestimatedat"morethan150millioneuros"including"60to90millioneuroslostinticketing."Inthesensitivesectorsofcommerceandhospitality,stakeholdershaveexpressedtheirconcernssincethefirstweekoftheconflictandhzedbusinesses,theConfederationofsmallandmediumbusinesses(CPME)saidthat80percentofthebusinessesareimpactedeitherbylossesinrevenues,delaysindeliveries,spitalityprofessionsandindustries,startingfromthefirstweekofthesocialmovementagainstretirementreform."Ifthestrikescontinue,touristswillturntowardotherdestinations,"hadwarnedJean-MarcBanquet,,(transportdisruption,lossinbusinessearnings,etc)linkedtothestrikes,,60percentofFrenchpeoples,Macronspopularitydropped4points,with25percentfavorableopinions,,publicopinion,thissocialconflictrevealsthefaultlinesinapoliticalsystemwhichcannotresolveimpassesorreconcileafragmentedsociety."ThestrikecanbeconsideredasamicrocosmwhichrevealsthevulnerabilityoftheFrencheconomyandtheinstitutionalcrisisofthecountry,"saidZhaoJunjie,aresearcherattheInstituteofEuropeanStudiesattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences."Untilnow,thedataonFrencheconomicgrowthseemedgood,oratleastbetterthantheGermandata,butthereremainmanyproblemsstill,suchasarelativelyhighunemploymentrate,publicdebt,fragilebudgetbalancingandalackofinnovation,",spendingforretirementpensionsinFrancehasrepresented14percentofitsGrossDomesticProduct(GDP),,,aresearcherattheChinaInstituteofInternationalStudies,toldXinhuathat"theelevatedspendingforsocialsecurityhasprovokedenormousbudgetdeficitsandrepresentsfinancialunsustainability,whichexplainstheabsolutenecessityfortheretirementreforms."Sheconsidersthecoexistenceofmorethan40typesofretirementsystemstobe"toocomplex",which"doesnotfavormobilityoflaborpowerandnegativelyaffectssocialjustice."Inaddition,MudenouncedagrowingdisequilibriuminFrenchsocietyatthebasisofthe"yellowvest"movementandthestrikes."Economicdevelopmenthasnotbenefitedallcitizens,whilethegapbetweendifferentsocialgroupscontinuestodeepen."ForFrenchhistorianMaximeTandonnet,citedbyFrenchdailyLeFigaro,"thisshocktranslatesthegrowingdefianceofthepopulationtowardarulingclassperceivedasbeingallthemorehaughtyandarrogantasitfailsinresolvingproblems(unemployment,poverty,violence,deficits,migrationcrisis,etc.)."AccordingtoZhaoJunjie,theprotestandthestrikereflect"aninstitutionalcrisis"and"aproblemrootedinthecapitalistsystemandinitspoliticalparties."",problemswillonlyaccumulate,"concludedZhao.(1euro=)

3ˣĶס110ƽףשṹͨˮ2016ʶΪƶƶӻ򲡡ǹ˫ԪһǼ򺣿ϵͳҵİƶļͥԼ̬һĿȻ ϵͳߺȫзƶɲռƶ˿ڸϢۺϷŪͥƶԭ򡢰ȣΪȫ2367򽨵ƶ˿ڽ˵˵ġƵ

зƶϢĸɲֽܣƶ˿ڡƵ㼯ϢһʵʱȫƶϢϵͳƶ˿ڻϢؼҵύҵʵǰɲפϱճϢ

Spotlight Strikes against retirement reform highlight institutional crisis in France #ָ#

PARIS,(Xinhua)--Strikes,protests,,2019inFrance,arebeginningtoweighont,thelongestinFrancesincethe1960s,byastrongunionmovement,broughttogetherthatday806,,therehasbeennorespite,especiallyamongunionsrepresentingthepublictransportsector,(theageatwhicharetireecancollectfullbenefits),theeliminationofspecialretirementregimes,andauniversalpointsystemforretirementmakeupthemajorim"neo-liberalreform".CaroleAlibert,aprimaryschoolteacher,toldXinhuaonthefringesofaprotestthatshehadcome"todefendtheretirementofteacherswhorisktobereallymisdirectedwiththisnewpoint-basedreform.""Ihavetoworkuntil67yearsoldbecauseIstartedinNationalEducationafterachangeofprofessionsandeveninworkinguntil67,Iwillnotmanagetoreceive2,000euros(2,),Illbeat1,100euros,"saidAlibert."tknowifwellmanagetostaystronguntiltheend,,",Jean-MarcCambo,civilservantatthedepartmentalcouncilofSeine-Saint-DenisjustnorthofParis,toldXinhuathat"withthisreform,wedonothavesalaryraisesandnocareerperspectives--thefutureseemsblocked."Aftermorethanamonthofprotestsagainstitsretirementreformproposals,,EdouardPhilippe,reaffirmedthedeterminationofhisgovernment,however,concerningtheimplementationofa"compromise"isnotcalmingtheangeroftheunions,,theCGTunioncontinuedtodemand"thewithdrawal",theworkersunionsaiditwas"moredeterminedthanevertoobtainthewithdrawalofthetext."MULTIPLECONSEQUENCESAfterseveralweeksofsocialunrest,theimpactisstartingtobefeltinsectorsasimportantaspublictransport,(Frenchnationalrailservice)andtheRATP(Parispublictransport)haveestimatedlossesofseveralmillioneurosperdayofstrike."Wewillsoonreachover700millioneurosofrevenueslost,,theimpactofthestrikesisestimatedat"morethan150millioneuros"including"60to90millioneuroslostinticketing."Inthesensitivesectorsofcommerceandhospitality,stakeholdershaveexpressedtheirconcernssincethefirstweekoftheconflictandhzedbusinesses,theConfederationofsmallandmediumbusinesses(CPME)saidthat80percentofthebusinessesareimpactedeitherbylossesinrevenues,delaysindeliveries,spitalityprofessionsandindustries,startingfromthefirstweekofthesocialmovementagainstretirementreform."Ifthestrikescontinue,touristswillturntowardotherdestinations,"hadwarnedJean-MarcBanquet,,(transportdisruption,lossinbusinessearnings,etc)linkedtothestrikes,,60percentofFrenchpeoples,Macronspopularitydropped4points,with25percentfavorableopinions,,publicopinion,thissocialconflictrevealsthefaultlinesinapoliticalsystemwhichcannotresolveimpassesorreconcileafragmentedsociety."ThestrikecanbeconsideredasamicrocosmwhichrevealsthevulnerabilityoftheFrencheconomyandtheinstitutionalcrisisofthecountry,"saidZhaoJunjie,aresearcherattheInstituteofEuropeanStudiesattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences."Untilnow,thedataonFrencheconomicgrowthseemedgood,oratleastbetterthantheGermandata,butthereremainmanyproblemsstill,suchasarelativelyhighunemploymentrate,publicdebt,fragilebudgetbalancingandalackofinnovation,",spendingforretirementpensionsinFrancehasrepresented14percentofitsGrossDomesticProduct(GDP),,,aresearcherattheChinaInstituteofInternationalStudies,toldXinhuathat"theelevatedspendingforsocialsecurityhasprovokedenormousbudgetdeficitsandrepresentsfinancialunsustainability,whichexplainstheabsolutenecessityfortheretirementreforms."Sheconsidersthecoexistenceofmorethan40typesofretirementsystemstobe"toocomplex",which"doesnotfavormobilityoflaborpowerandnegativelyaffectssocialjustice."Inaddition,MudenouncedagrowingdisequilibriuminFrenchsocietyatthebasisofthe"yellowvest"movementandthestrikes."Economicdevelopmenthasnotbenefitedallcitizens,whilethegapbetweendifferentsocialgroupscontinuestodeepen."ForFrenchhistorianMaximeTandonnet,citedbyFrenchdailyLeFigaro,"thisshocktranslatesthegrowingdefianceofthepopulationtowardarulingclassperceivedasbeingallthemorehaughtyandarrogantasitfailsinresolvingproblems(unemployment,poverty,violence,deficits,migrationcrisis,etc.)."AccordingtoZhaoJunjie,theprotestandthestrikereflect"aninstitutionalcrisis"and"aproblemrootedinthecapitalistsystemandinitspoliticalparties."",problemswillonlyaccumulate,"concludedZhao.(1euro=)

Spotlight Strikes against retirement reform highlight institutional crisis in France #ָ#

PARIS,(Xinhua)--Strikes,protests,,2019inFrance,arebeginningtoweighont,thelongestinFrancesincethe1960s,byastrongunionmovement,broughttogetherthatday806,,therehasbeennorespite,especiallyamongunionsrepresentingthepublictransportsector,(theageatwhicharetireecancollectfullbenefits),theeliminationofspecialretirementregimes,andauniversalpointsystemforretirementmakeupthemajorim"neo-liberalreform".CaroleAlibert,aprimaryschoolteacher,toldXinhuaonthefringesofaprotestthatshehadcome"todefendtheretirementofteacherswhorisktobereallymisdirectedwiththisnewpoint-basedreform.""Ihavetoworkuntil67yearsoldbecauseIstartedinNationalEducationafterachangeofprofessionsandeveninworkinguntil67,Iwillnotmanagetoreceive2,000euros(2,),Illbeat1,100euros,"saidAlibert."tknowifwellmanagetostaystronguntiltheend,,",Jean-MarcCambo,civilservantatthedepartmentalcouncilofSeine-Saint-DenisjustnorthofParis,toldXinhuathat"withthisreform,wedonothavesalaryraisesandnocareerperspectives--thefutureseemsblocked."Aftermorethanamonthofprotestsagainstitsretirementreformproposals,,EdouardPhilippe,reaffirmedthedeterminationofhisgovernment,however,concerningtheimplementationofa"compromise"isnotcalmingtheangeroftheunions,,theCGTunioncontinuedtodemand"thewithdrawal",theworkersunionsaiditwas"moredeterminedthanevertoobtainthewithdrawalofthetext."MULTIPLECONSEQUENCESAfterseveralweeksofsocialunrest,theimpactisstartingtobefeltinsectorsasimportantaspublictransport,(Frenchnationalrailservice)andtheRATP(Parispublictransport)haveestimatedlossesofseveralmillioneurosperdayofstrike."Wewillsoonreachover700millioneurosofrevenueslost,,theimpactofthestrikesisestimatedat"morethan150millioneuros"including"60to90millioneuroslostinticketing."Inthesensitivesectorsofcommerceandhospitality,stakeholdershaveexpressedtheirconcernssincethefirstweekoftheconflictandhzedbusinesses,theConfederationofsmallandmediumbusinesses(CPME)saidthat80percentofthebusinessesareimpactedeitherbylossesinrevenues,delaysindeliveries,spitalityprofessionsandindustries,startingfromthefirstweekofthesocialmovementagainstretirementreform."Ifthestrikescontinue,touristswillturntowardotherdestinations,"hadwarnedJean-MarcBanquet,,(transportdisruption,lossinbusinessearnings,etc)linkedtothestrikes,,60percentofFrenchpeoples,Macronspopularitydropped4points,with25percentfavorableopinions,,publicopinion,thissocialconflictrevealsthefaultlinesinapoliticalsystemwhichcannotresolveimpassesorreconcileafragmentedsociety."ThestrikecanbeconsideredasamicrocosmwhichrevealsthevulnerabilityoftheFrencheconomyandtheinstitutionalcrisisofthecountry,"saidZhaoJunjie,aresearcherattheInstituteofEuropeanStudiesattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences."Untilnow,thedataonFrencheconomicgrowthseemedgood,oratleastbetterthantheGermandata,butthereremainmanyproblemsstill,suchasarelativelyhighunemploymentrate,publicdebt,fragilebudgetbalancingandalackofinnovation,",spendingforretirementpensionsinFrancehasrepresented14percentofitsGrossDomesticProduct(GDP),,,aresearcherattheChinaInstituteofInternationalStudies,toldXinhuathat"theelevatedspendingforsocialsecurityhasprovokedenormousbudgetdeficitsandrepresentsfinancialunsustainability,whichexplainstheabsolutenecessityfortheretirementreforms."Sheconsidersthecoexistenceofmorethan40typesofretirementsystemstobe"toocomplex",which"doesnotfavormobilityoflaborpowerandnegativelyaffectssocialjustice."Inaddition,MudenouncedagrowingdisequilibriuminFrenchsocietyatthebasisofthe"yellowvest"movementandthestrikes."Economicdevelopmenthasnotbenefitedallcitizens,whilethegapbetweendifferentsocialgroupscontinuestodeepen."ForFrenchhistorianMaximeTandonnet,citedbyFrenchdailyLeFigaro,"thisshocktranslatesthegrowingdefianceofthepopulationtowardarulingclassperceivedasbeingallthemorehaughtyandarrogantasitfailsinresolvingproblems(unemployment,poverty,violence,deficits,migrationcrisis,etc.)."AccordingtoZhaoJunjie,theprotestandthestrikereflect"aninstitutionalcrisis"and"aproblemrootedinthecapitalistsystemandinitspoliticalparties."",problemswillonlyaccumulate,"concludedZhao.(1euro=)

Spotlight Strikes against retirement reform highlight institutional crisis in France #ָ#

PARIS,(Xinhua)--Strikes,protests,,2019inFrance,arebeginningtoweighont,thelongestinFrancesincethe1960s,byastrongunionmovement,broughttogetherthatday806,,therehasbeennorespite,especiallyamongunionsrepresentingthepublictransportsector,(theageatwhicharetireecancollectfullbenefits),theeliminationofspecialretirementregimes,andauniversalpointsystemforretirementmakeupthemajorim"neo-liberalreform".CaroleAlibert,aprimaryschoolteacher,toldXinhuaonthefringesofaprotestthatshehadcome"todefendtheretirementofteacherswhorisktobereallymisdirectedwiththisnewpoint-basedreform.""Ihavetoworkuntil67yearsoldbecauseIstartedinNationalEducationafterachangeofprofessionsandeveninworkinguntil67,Iwillnotmanagetoreceive2,000euros(2,),Illbeat1,100euros,"saidAlibert."tknowifwellmanagetostaystronguntiltheend,,",Jean-MarcCambo,civilservantatthedepartmentalcouncilofSeine-Saint-DenisjustnorthofParis,toldXinhuathat"withthisreform,wedonothavesalaryraisesandnocareerperspectives--thefutureseemsblocked."Aftermorethanamonthofprotestsagainstitsretirementreformproposals,,EdouardPhilippe,reaffirmedthedeterminationofhisgovernment,however,concerningtheimplementationofa"compromise"isnotcalmingtheangeroftheunions,,theCGTunioncontinuedtodemand"thewithdrawal",theworkersunionsaiditwas"moredeterminedthanevertoobtainthewithdrawalofthetext."MULTIPLECONSEQUENCESAfterseveralweeksofsocialunrest,theimpactisstartingtobefeltinsectorsasimportantaspublictransport,(Frenchnationalrailservice)andtheRATP(Parispublictransport)haveestimatedlossesofseveralmillioneurosperdayofstrike."Wewillsoonreachover700millioneurosofrevenueslost,,theimpactofthestrikesisestimatedat"morethan150millioneuros"including"60to90millioneuroslostinticketing."Inthesensitivesectorsofcommerceandhospitality,stakeholdershaveexpressedtheirconcernssincethefirstweekoftheconflictandhzedbusinesses,theConfederationofsmallandmediumbusinesses(CPME)saidthat80percentofthebusinessesareimpactedeitherbylossesinrevenues,delaysindeliveries,spitalityprofessionsandindustries,startingfromthefirstweekofthesocialmovementagainstretirementreform."Ifthestrikescontinue,touristswillturntowardotherdestinations,"hadwarnedJean-MarcBanquet,,(transportdisruption,lossinbusinessearnings,etc)linkedtothestrikes,,60percentofFrenchpeoples,Macronspopularitydropped4points,with25percentfavorableopinions,,publicopinion,thissocialconflictrevealsthefaultlinesinapoliticalsystemwhichcannotresolveimpassesorreconcileafragmentedsociety."ThestrikecanbeconsideredasamicrocosmwhichrevealsthevulnerabilityoftheFrencheconomyandtheinstitutionalcrisisofthecountry,"saidZhaoJunjie,aresearcherattheInstituteofEuropeanStudiesattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences."Untilnow,thedataonFrencheconomicgrowthseemedgood,oratleastbetterthantheGermandata,butthereremainmanyproblemsstill,suchasarelativelyhighunemploymentrate,publicdebt,fragilebudgetbalancingandalackofinnovation,",spendingforretirementpensionsinFrancehasrepresented14percentofitsGrossDomesticProduct(GDP),,,aresearcherattheChinaInstituteofInternationalStudies,toldXinhuathat"theelevatedspendingforsocialsecurityhasprovokedenormousbudgetdeficitsandrepresentsfinancialunsustainability,whichexplainstheabsolutenecessityfortheretirementreforms."Sheconsidersthecoexistenceofmorethan40typesofretirementsystemstobe"toocomplex",which"doesnotfavormobilityoflaborpowerandnegativelyaffectssocialjustice."Inaddition,MudenouncedagrowingdisequilibriuminFrenchsocietyatthebasisofthe"yellowvest"movementandthestrikes."Economicdevelopmenthasnotbenefitedallcitizens,whilethegapbetweendifferentsocialgroupscontinuestodeepen."ForFrenchhistorianMaximeTandonnet,citedbyFrenchdailyLeFigaro,"thisshocktranslatesthegrowingdefianceofthepopulationtowardarulingclassperceivedasbeingallthemorehaughtyandarrogantasitfailsinresolvingproblems(unemployment,poverty,violence,deficits,migrationcrisis,etc.)."AccordingtoZhaoJunjie,theprotestandthestrikereflect"aninstitutionalcrisis"and"aproblemrootedinthecapitalistsystemandinitspoliticalparties."",problemswillonlyaccumulate,"concludedZhao.(1euro=)

Spotlight Strikes against retirement reform highlight institutional crisis in France #ָ#

PARIS,(Xinhua)--Strikes,protests,,2019inFrance,arebeginningtoweighont,thelongestinFrancesincethe1960s,byastrongunionmovement,broughttogetherthatday806,,therehasbeennorespite,especiallyamongunionsrepresentingthepublictransportsector,(theageatwhicharetireecancollectfullbenefits),theeliminationofspecialretirementregimes,andauniversalpointsystemforretirementmakeupthemajorim"neo-liberalreform".CaroleAlibert,aprimaryschoolteacher,toldXinhuaonthefringesofaprotestthatshehadcome"todefendtheretirementofteacherswhorisktobereallymisdirectedwiththisnewpoint-basedreform.""Ihavetoworkuntil67yearsoldbecauseIstartedinNationalEducationafterachangeofprofessionsandeveninworkinguntil67,Iwillnotmanagetoreceive2,000euros(2,),Illbeat1,100euros,"saidAlibert."tknowifwellmanagetostaystronguntiltheend,,",Jean-MarcCambo,civilservantatthedepartmentalcouncilofSeine-Saint-DenisjustnorthofParis,toldXinhuathat"withthisreform,wedonothavesalaryraisesandnocareerperspectives--thefutureseemsblocked."Aftermorethanamonthofprotestsagainstitsretirementreformproposals,,EdouardPhilippe,reaffirmedthedeterminationofhisgovernment,however,concerningtheimplementationofa"compromise"isnotcalmingtheangeroftheunions,,theCGTunioncontinuedtodemand"thewithdrawal",theworkersunionsaiditwas"moredeterminedthanevertoobtainthewithdrawalofthetext."MULTIPLECONSEQUENCESAfterseveralweeksofsocialunrest,theimpactisstartingtobefeltinsectorsasimportantaspublictransport,(Frenchnationalrailservice)andtheRATP(Parispublictransport)haveestimatedlossesofseveralmillioneurosperdayofstrike."Wewillsoonreachover700millioneurosofrevenueslost,,theimpactofthestrikesisestimatedat"morethan150millioneuros"including"60to90millioneuroslostinticketing."Inthesensitivesectorsofcommerceandhospitality,stakeholdershaveexpressedtheirconcernssincethefirstweekoftheconflictandhzedbusinesses,theConfederationofsmallandmediumbusinesses(CPME)saidthat80percentofthebusinessesareimpactedeitherbylossesinrevenues,delaysindeliveries,spitalityprofessionsandindustries,startingfromthefirstweekofthesocialmovementagainstretirementreform."Ifthestrikescontinue,touristswillturntowardotherdestinations,"hadwarnedJean-MarcBanquet,,(transportdisruption,lossinbusinessearnings,etc)linkedtothestrikes,,60percentofFrenchpeoples,Macronspopularitydropped4points,with25percentfavorableopinions,,publicopinion,thissocialconflictrevealsthefaultlinesinapoliticalsystemwhichcannotresolveimpassesorreconcileafragmentedsociety."ThestrikecanbeconsideredasamicrocosmwhichrevealsthevulnerabilityoftheFrencheconomyandtheinstitutionalcrisisofthecountry,"saidZhaoJunjie,aresearcherattheInstituteofEuropeanStudiesattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences."Untilnow,thedataonFrencheconomicgrowthseemedgood,oratleastbetterthantheGermandata,butthereremainmanyproblemsstill,suchasarelativelyhighunemploymentrate,publicdebt,fragilebudgetbalancingandalackofinnovation,",spendingforretirementpensionsinFrancehasrepresented14percentofitsGrossDomesticProduct(GDP),,,aresearcherattheChinaInstituteofInternationalStudies,toldXinhuathat"theelevatedspendingforsocialsecurityhasprovokedenormousbudgetdeficitsandrepresentsfinancialunsustainability,whichexplainstheabsolutenecessityfortheretirementreforms."Sheconsidersthecoexistenceofmorethan40typesofretirementsystemstobe"toocomplex",which"doesnotfavormobilityoflaborpowerandnegativelyaffectssocialjustice."Inaddition,MudenouncedagrowingdisequilibriuminFrenchsocietyatthebasisofthe"yellowvest"movementandthestrikes."Economicdevelopmenthasnotbenefitedallcitizens,whilethegapbetweendifferentsocialgroupscontinuestodeepen."ForFrenchhistorianMaximeTandonnet,citedbyFrenchdailyLeFigaro,"thisshocktranslatesthegrowingdefianceofthepopulationtowardarulingclassperceivedasbeingallthemorehaughtyandarrogantasitfailsinresolvingproblems(unemployment,poverty,violence,deficits,migrationcrisis,etc.)."AccordingtoZhaoJunjie,theprotestandthestrikereflect"aninstitutionalcrisis"and"aproblemrootedinthecapitalistsystemandinitspoliticalparties."",problemswillonlyaccumulate,"concludedZhao.(1euro=)

зƶϢĸɲֽƶ˿ڡƵ㼯ϢһʵʱȫƶϢϵͳƶ˿ڻϢؼҵύҵʵǰɲפϱճϢ

ƶսӮǻڴϢϵͳϼ󸲸ǷΧ𲽽ȫũ˿ڵʽӵΪˡǻٷ зƶο˵

ƶսӮǻڴϢϵͳϼ󸲸ǷΧ𲽽ȫũ˿ڵʽӵΪˡǻٷ зƶο˵

Spotlight Strikes against retirement reform highlight institutional crisis in France #ָ#

PARIS,(Xinhua)--Strikes,protests,,2019inFrance,arebeginningtoweighont,thelongestinFrancesincethe1960s,byastrongunionmovement,broughttogetherthatday806,,therehasbeennorespite,especiallyamongunionsrepresentingthepublictransportsector,(theageatwhicharetireecancollectfullbenefits),theeliminationofspecialretirementregimes,andauniversalpointsystemforretirementmakeupthemajorim"neo-liberalreform".CaroleAlibert,aprimaryschoolteacher,toldXinhuaonthefringesofaprotestthatshehadcome"todefendtheretirementofteacherswhorisktobereallymisdirectedwiththisnewpoint-basedreform.""Ihavetoworkuntil67yearsoldbecauseIstartedinNationalEducationafterachangeofprofessionsandeveninworkinguntil67,Iwillnotmanagetoreceive2,000euros(2,),Illbeat1,100euros,"saidAlibert."tknowifwellmanagetostaystronguntiltheend,,",Jean-MarcCambo,civilservantatthedepartmentalcouncilofSeine-Saint-DenisjustnorthofParis,toldXinhuathat"withthisreform,wedonothavesalaryraisesandnocareerperspectives--thefutureseemsblocked."Aftermorethanamonthofprotestsagainstitsretirementreformproposals,,EdouardPhilippe,reaffirmedthedeterminationofhisgovernment,however,concerningtheimplementationofa"compromise"isnotcalmingtheangeroftheunions,,theCGTunioncontinuedtodemand"thewithdrawal",theworkersunionsaiditwas"moredeterminedthanevertoobtainthewithdrawalofthetext."MULTIPLECONSEQUENCESAfterseveralweeksofsocialunrest,theimpactisstartingtobefeltinsectorsasimportantaspublictransport,(Frenchnationalrailservice)andtheRATP(Parispublictransport)haveestimatedlossesofseveralmillioneurosperdayofstrike."Wewillsoonreachover700millioneurosofrevenueslost,,theimpactofthestrikesisestimatedat"morethan150millioneuros"including"60to90millioneuroslostinticketing."Inthesensitivesectorsofcommerceandhospitality,stakeholdershaveexpressedtheirconcernssincethefirstweekoftheconflictandhzedbusinesses,theConfederationofsmallandmediumbusinesses(CPME)saidthat80percentofthebusinessesareimpactedeitherbylossesinrevenues,delaysindeliveries,spitalityprofessionsandindustries,startingfromthefirstweekofthesocialmovementagainstretirementreform."Ifthestrikescontinue,touristswillturntowardotherdestinations,"hadwarnedJean-MarcBanquet,,(transportdisruption,lossinbusinessearnings,etc)linkedtothestrikes,,60percentofFrenchpeoples,Macronspopularitydropped4points,with25percentfavorableopinions,,publicopinion,thissocialconflictrevealsthefaultlinesinapoliticalsystemwhichcannotresolveimpassesorreconcileafragmentedsociety."ThestrikecanbeconsideredasamicrocosmwhichrevealsthevulnerabilityoftheFrencheconomyandtheinstitutionalcrisisofthecountry,"saidZhaoJunjie,aresearcherattheInstituteofEuropeanStudiesattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences."Untilnow,thedataonFrencheconomicgrowthseemedgood,oratleastbetterthantheGermandata,butthereremainmanyproblemsstill,suchasarelativelyhighunemploymentrate,publicdebt,fragilebudgetbalancingandalackofinnovation,",spendingforretirementpensionsinFrancehasrepresented14percentofitsGrossDomesticProduct(GDP),,,aresearcherattheChinaInstituteofInternationalStudies,toldXinhuathat"theelevatedspendingforsocialsecurityhasprovokedenormousbudgetdeficitsandrepresentsfinancialunsustainability,whichexplainstheabsolutenecessityfortheretirementreforms."Sheconsidersthecoexistenceofmorethan40typesofretirementsystemstobe"toocomplex",which"doesnotfavormobilityoflaborpowerandnegativelyaffectssocialjustice."Inaddition,MudenouncedagrowingdisequilibriuminFrenchsocietyatthebasisofthe"yellowvest"movementandthestrikes."Economicdevelopmenthasnotbenefitedallcitizens,whilethegapbetweendifferentsocialgroupscontinuestodeepen."ForFrenchhistorianMaximeTandonnet,citedbyFrenchdailyLeFigaro,"thisshocktranslatesthegrowingdefianceofthepopulationtowardarulingclassperceivedasbeingallthemorehaughtyandarrogantasitfailsinresolvingproblems(unemployment,poverty,violence,deficits,migrationcrisis,etc.)."AccordingtoZhaoJunjie,theprotestandthestrikereflect"aninstitutionalcrisis"and"aproblemrootedinthecapitalistsystemandinitspoliticalparties."",problemswillonlyaccumulate,"concludedZhao.(1euro=)

ǰֽʱһϢ£ȫҪٵǼǵһ±ϣݸϵͳɾС ˵ƶ˿ڡƵֻȱ棬ÿÿ漰ָ363ĿǰϵͳϢѴ8ڶ86%ϢͨҵϵͳԶɡ

(ФΡƼ)

˭ϡ˾ȫ֣ƶ̬ʱ¡ļ7ɲƶᣬˮƽβ룬ƶ˿òв죬οѧȸԴһֱǸ⡣ +׼ƶϢϵͳߺ󣬺ƶᡰ˾תƵϣˡϡЧָӣ¡׼սķƶģʽ ֽܣĿǰдίǵɲзƶԱȫͬһȺʵ֤ƶԱʱ̶ܹͨԽӡ зƶۺϿƸɲ漸̣ǰ쵼ǩļһǺü죬ϵͳϷȥ쵼һʹˡ ƶ߲ģʱͨϵͳõ߻˲ҡ

 ƶϢϴơˣƶɲֻͨӦüɲ鿴ơϵϢΪṩݡ

˭ϡ˾ȫ֣ƶ̬ʱ¡ļ7ɲƶᣬˮƽβ룬ƶ˿òв죬οѧȸԴһֱǸ⡣ +׼ƶϢϵͳߺ󣬺ƶᡰ˾תƵϣˡϡЧָӣ¡׼սķƶģʽ ֽܣĿǰдίǵɲзƶԱȫͬһȺʵ֤ƶԱʱ̶ܹͨԽӡ зƶۺϿƸɲ漸̣ǰ쵼ǩļһǺü죬ϵͳϷȥ쵼һʹˡ ƶ߲ģʱͨϵͳõ߻˲ҡ

Spotlight Strikes against retirement reform highlight institutional crisis in France #ָ#

PARIS,(Xinhua)--Strikes,protests,,2019inFrance,arebeginningtoweighont,thelongestinFrancesincethe1960s,byastrongunionmovement,broughttogetherthatday806,,therehasbeennorespite,especiallyamongunionsrepresentingthepublictransportsector,(theageatwhicharetireecancollectfullbenefits),theeliminationofspecialretirementregimes,andauniversalpointsystemforretirementmakeupthemajorim"neo-liberalreform".CaroleAlibert,aprimaryschoolteacher,toldXinhuaonthefringesofaprotestthatshehadcome"todefendtheretirementofteacherswhorisktobereallymisdirectedwiththisnewpoint-basedreform.""Ihavetoworkuntil67yearsoldbecauseIstartedinNationalEducationafterachangeofprofessionsandeveninworkinguntil67,Iwillnotmanagetoreceive2,000euros(2,),Illbeat1,100euros,"saidAlibert."tknowifwellmanagetostaystronguntiltheend,,",Jean-MarcCambo,civilservantatthedepartmentalcouncilofSeine-Saint-DenisjustnorthofParis,toldXinhuathat"withthisreform,wedonothavesalaryraisesandnocareerperspectives--thefutureseemsblocked."Aftermorethanamonthofprotestsagainstitsretirementreformproposals,,EdouardPhilippe,reaffirmedthedeterminationofhisgovernment,however,concerningtheimplementationofa"compromise"isnotcalmingtheangeroftheunions,,theCGTunioncontinuedtodemand"thewithdrawal",theworkersunionsaiditwas"moredeterminedthanevertoobtainthewithdrawalofthetext."MULTIPLECONSEQUENCESAfterseveralweeksofsocialunrest,theimpactisstartingtobefeltinsectorsasimportantaspublictransport,(Frenchnationalrailservice)andtheRATP(Parispublictransport)haveestimatedlossesofseveralmillioneurosperdayofstrike."Wewillsoonreachover700millioneurosofrevenueslost,,theimpactofthestrikesisestimatedat"morethan150millioneuros"including"60to90millioneuroslostinticketing."Inthesensitivesectorsofcommerceandhospitality,stakeholdershaveexpressedtheirconcernssincethefirstweekoftheconflictandhzedbusinesses,theConfederationofsmallandmediumbusinesses(CPME)saidthat80percentofthebusinessesareimpactedeitherbylossesinrevenues,delaysindeliveries,spitalityprofessionsandindustries,startingfromthefirstweekofthesocialmovementagainstretirementreform."Ifthestrikescontinue,touristswillturntowardotherdestinations,"hadwarnedJean-MarcBanquet,,(transportdisruption,lossinbusinessearnings,etc)linkedtothestrikes,,60percentofFrenchpeoples,Macronspopularitydropped4points,with25percentfavorableopinions,,publicopinion,thissocialconflictrevealsthefaultlinesinapoliticalsystemwhichcannotresolveimpassesorreconcileafragmentedsociety."ThestrikecanbeconsideredasamicrocosmwhichrevealsthevulnerabilityoftheFrencheconomyandtheinstitutionalcrisisofthecountry,"saidZhaoJunjie,aresearcherattheInstituteofEuropeanStudiesattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences."Untilnow,thedataonFrencheconomicgrowthseemedgood,oratleastbetterthantheGermandata,butthereremainmanyproblemsstill,suchasarelativelyhighunemploymentrate,publicdebt,fragilebudgetbalancingandalackofinnovation,",spendingforretirementpensionsinFrancehasrepresented14percentofitsGrossDomesticProduct(GDP),,,aresearcherattheChinaInstituteofInternationalStudies,toldXinhuathat"theelevatedspendingforsocialsecurityhasprovokedenormousbudgetdeficitsandrepresentsfinancialunsustainability,whichexplainstheabsolutenecessityfortheretirementreforms."Sheconsidersthecoexistenceofmorethan40typesofretirementsystemstobe"toocomplex",which"doesnotfavormobilityoflaborpowerandnegativelyaffectssocialjustice."Inaddition,MudenouncedagrowingdisequilibriuminFrenchsocietyatthebasisofthe"yellowvest"movementandthestrikes."Economicdevelopmenthasnotbenefitedallcitizens,whilethegapbetweendifferentsocialgroupscontinuestodeepen."ForFrenchhistorianMaximeTandonnet,citedbyFrenchdailyLeFigaro,"thisshocktranslatesthegrowingdefianceofthepopulationtowardarulingclassperceivedasbeingallthemorehaughtyandarrogantasitfailsinresolvingproblems(unemployment,poverty,violence,deficits,migrationcrisis,etc.)."AccordingtoZhaoJunjie,theprotestandthestrikereflect"aninstitutionalcrisis"and"aproblemrootedinthecapitalistsystemandinitspoliticalparties."",problemswillonlyaccumulate,"concludedZhao.(1euro=)

ÿϢϵͳ´ﵱصϽĸɲһʱܿ ͬʱϢϵͳƶɲ԰󶨣ֻҪֻ֣ɲøɶһĿȻ һ棬ϢϵͳռϢṩѯ񣬽֪ɶ⣻һ棬ƶɲÿ߷ƶύʵפ幤־ȣϴƬ쵼ʵʱ⣬ʱָʵ⣻ϢϴϢϵͳԶͳƣհƻʵγɰפЧչʾѿˡ⡣ ⣬Ҳʵפ׼ЧʷĿꡣ ƶ츱εԻ˵ ô˹ܣעϡڡסȫˮȫƶƶ֮أҲ֮ѣβʵʱ⣬صע©һзƶҲ⡣ 201811£зƶ콫˹ʶ롰+׼ƶϢϵͳ ϵͳУ鿴ƶָɸġƶȡͥ˿ڵЩɸ⣬AIʶ𡱡AIˮʶע⡣ AIʶѡСʶΪľṹסꡱʶΪľṹ׵Σġ8׼ ͬAIˮʶҲСʶΪƷǼйˮʶΪȡˮϲʶΪܺá6׼ ÿ׼зϸѡƶƵƬ

ƶϢϴơˣƶɲͨӦüɲ鿴ơϵϢΪṩοݡ</p>

 ÿϰһ£Ǵϵͳ춼ЩɶҪɡ ɲ˵

Spotlight Strikes against retirement reform highlight institutional crisis in France #ָ#

PARIS,(Xinhua)--Strikes,protests,,2019inFrance,arebeginningtoweighont,thelongestinFrancesincethe1960s,byastrongunionmovement,broughttogetherthatday806,,therehasbeennorespite,especiallyamongunionsrepresentingthepublictransportsector,(theageatwhicharetireecancollectfullbenefits),theeliminationofspecialretirementregimes,andauniversalpointsystemforretirementmakeupthemajorim"neo-liberalreform".CaroleAlibert,aprimaryschoolteacher,toldXinhuaonthefringesofaprotestthatshehadcome"todefendtheretirementofteacherswhorisktobereallymisdirectedwiththisnewpoint-basedreform.""Ihavetoworkuntil67yearsoldbecauseIstartedinNationalEducationafterachangeofprofessionsandeveninworkinguntil67,Iwillnotmanagetoreceive2,000euros(2,),Illbeat1,100euros,"saidAlibert."tknowifwellmanagetostaystronguntiltheend,,",Jean-MarcCambo,civilservantatthedepartmentalcouncilofSeine-Saint-DenisjustnorthofParis,toldXinhuathat"withthisreform,wedonothavesalaryraisesandnocareerperspectives--thefutureseemsblocked."Aftermorethanamonthofprotestsagainstitsretirementreformproposals,,EdouardPhilippe,reaffirmedthedeterminationofhisgovernment,however,concerningtheimplementationofa"compromise"isnotcalmingtheangeroftheunions,,theCGTunioncontinuedtodemand"thewithdrawal",theworkersunionsaiditwas"moredeterminedthanevertoobtainthewithdrawalofthetext."MULTIPLECONSEQUENCESAfterseveralweeksofsocialunrest,theimpactisstartingtobefeltinsectorsasimportantaspublictransport,(Frenchnationalrailservice)andtheRATP(Parispublictransport)haveestimatedlossesofseveralmillioneurosperdayofstrike."Wewillsoonreachover700millioneurosofrevenueslost,,theimpactofthestrikesisestimatedat"morethan150millioneuros"including"60to90millioneuroslostinticketing."Inthesensitivesectorsofcommerceandhospitality,stakeholdershaveexpressedtheirconcernssincethefirstweekoftheconflictandhzedbusinesses,theConfederationofsmallandmediumbusinesses(CPME)saidthat80percentofthebusinessesareimpactedeitherbylossesinrevenues,delaysindeliveries,spitalityprofessionsandindustries,startingfromthefirstweekofthesocialmovementagainstretirementreform."Ifthestrikescontinue,touristswillturntowardotherdestinations,"hadwarnedJean-MarcBanquet,,(transportdisruption,lossinbusinessearnings,etc)linkedtothestrikes,,60percentofFrenchpeoples,Macronspopularitydropped4points,with25percentfavorableopinions,,publicopinion,thissocialconflictrevealsthefaultlinesinapoliticalsystemwhichcannotresolveimpassesorreconcileafragmentedsociety."ThestrikecanbeconsideredasamicrocosmwhichrevealsthevulnerabilityoftheFrencheconomyandtheinstitutionalcrisisofthecountry,"saidZhaoJunjie,aresearcherattheInstituteofEuropeanStudiesattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences."Untilnow,thedataonFrencheconomicgrowthseemedgood,oratleastbetterthantheGermandata,butthereremainmanyproblemsstill,suchasarelativelyhighunemploymentrate,publicdebt,fragilebudgetbalancingandalackofinnovation,",spendingforretirementpensionsinFrancehasrepresented14percentofitsGrossDomesticProduct(GDP),,,aresearcherattheChinaInstituteofInternationalStudies,toldXinhuathat"theelevatedspendingforsocialsecurityhasprovokedenormousbudgetdeficitsandrepresentsfinancialunsustainability,whichexplainstheabsolutenecessityfortheretirementreforms."Sheconsidersthecoexistenceofmorethan40typesofretirementsystemstobe"toocomplex",which"doesnotfavormobilityoflaborpowerandnegativelyaffectssocialjustice."Inaddition,MudenouncedagrowingdisequilibriuminFrenchsocietyatthebasisofthe"yellowvest"movementandthestrikes."Economicdevelopmenthasnotbenefitedallcitizens,whilethegapbetweendifferentsocialgroupscontinuestodeepen."ForFrenchhistorianMaximeTandonnet,citedbyFrenchdailyLeFigaro,"thisshocktranslatesthegrowingdefianceofthepopulationtowardarulingclassperceivedasbeingallthemorehaughtyandarrogantasitfailsinresolvingproblems(unemployment,poverty,violence,deficits,migrationcrisis,etc.)."AccordingtoZhaoJunjie,theprotestandthestrikereflect"aninstitutionalcrisis"and"aproblemrootedinthecapitalistsystemandinitspoliticalparties."",problemswillonlyaccumulate,"concludedZhao.(1euro=)

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